The top 10 most common diseases worldwide currently include:
1. Coronary artery disease: This is the leading cause of death globally and manifests as narrowing or blockage of the blood vessels supplying the heart.
2. Stroke: It occurs when blood supply to the brain is interrupted, resulting in brain cell damage or death.
3. Lower respiratory infections: These include various respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia and bronchitis caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): A group of lung diseases, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema, characterized by breathing difficulties and airflow limitation.
5. Lung cancers: These are malignant tumors developed in the lungs and are often caused by long-term smoking or exposure to pollutants.
6. Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias: A progressive neurological disorder causing memory loss, cognitive decline, and behavioral changes.
7. Diabetes: A chronic metabolic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels due to inadequate insulin production or its poor utilization by the body.
8. Kidney diseases: These include various disorders affecting the kidneys’ function, such as chronic kidney disease, kidney stones, and urinary tract infections.
9. Diarrheal diseases: These are gastrointestinal infections causing frequent loose and watery stools, often due to bacterial, viral, or parasitic causes.
10. Tuberculosis (TB): An infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, primarily affecting the lungs but can also attack other parts of the body.