1. Strengthening healthcare systems: Many countries are investing in improving their healthcare infrastructure, including increasing the number of healthcare facilities, training healthcare workers, and ensuring the availability of essential medical supplies and equipment.
2. Expanding access to quality antenatal care: Efforts are being made to ensure that all pregnant women have access to comprehensive antenatal care services, including regular check-ups, screening for common health conditions, and education on healthy practices during pregnancy.
3. Promoting skilled birth attendance: Encouraging deliveries to be attended by skilled healthcare professionals, such as doctors, nurses, or midwives, is crucial for reducing maternal and newborn mortality. Many countries are training and deploying more skilled birth attendants, especially in rural and remote areas.
4. Enhancing emergency obstetric care: Ensuring that emergency obstetric services are available and accessible is essential for managing complications that may arise during childbirth. This includes setting up or upgrading facilities for cesarean sections and blood transfusions, as well as improving transportation to referral centers.
5. Increasing access to family planning services: Access to contraception and family planning services helps prevent unintended pregnancies, reduce the burden on maternal and child health, and enables women and families to plan and space their pregnancies based on their desires and circumstances.
6. Addressing malnutrition: Strategies to combat malnutrition among mothers and children are being implemented, including providing nutritional counseling, supplementation (such as iron and folic acid), promoting breastfeeding, and supporting access to nutritious foods.
7. Immunization programs: Expanding immunization coverage is crucial for protecting children from vaccine-preventable diseases. Countries are focusing on strengthening their immunization programs, improving vaccine supply chains, and increasing community awareness and uptake of vaccines.
8. Empowering women and girls: Recognizing the importance of gender equality and women’s rights in improving maternal and child health, efforts are being made to empower women and girls through education, addressing gender-based violence, promoting women’s leadership, and involving them in decision-making processes.
9. Improving access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH): Inadequate access to clean water and sanitation facilities contributes to the spread of diseases and poses health risks, particularly for pregnant women and young children. Many initiatives focus on improving WASH infrastructure and promoting hygiene practices to ensure a healthy environment.
10. Strengthening data collection and monitoring: Effective monitoring and evaluation systems are crucial for tracking progress, identifying gaps, and informing evidence-based interventions. Many countries are working towards strengthening their health information systems and collecting accurate data on maternal and child health indicators to guide policy-making and resource allocation.